In developed countries, standards in all economic sectors particularly on the Information Technology, Communications and Multimedia Standards is regarded as a strategic tool in relation to:
New Technology development
Standards also being used as an agenda item for discussion under the Technical Barriers to Trade (TBT) by World Trade Organisation (WTO) and this is directly related to economic performance and competitiveness of each country under scrutiny.
Developed countries have been dealing standards as commercial issues i.e ‘Where technical regulations are required and relevant international standards exist, Members shall use them as a basis for their technical regulations’ (WTO TBT §2.4).
It is recognised that active participations on standards development between developed and developing countries in this industry as an important topic to be addressed. The ITU has determined three (3) main reasons to be resolved by the developing countries like Malaysia on standardisation gap:
Lack of Human Resources;
Lack of financial resources; and
Lack of technological expertise
With this recognition on the importance and significance of standards to the industry and the country, the formation of the Malaysian Technical Standards Forum Bhd (MTSFB) representing the industry stakeholders in the National Standardisation System bridging network infrastructure and service providers and network terminal equipment manufacturers as below. Each standardisation body responsible to oversee and formalized a common correspondence system and recognised process of participation and development of national standards for Malaysia across all industry sectors.